Jawaharlal Nehru On Science & Society PDF
Book – Jawaharlal Nehru On Science & Society,
Author – Jawaharlal Nehru,
Genre – Documentary Books,
Book Format – PDF,
Book Pages – 356,
PDF Size – 14 MB,
Nehru on Science and Society – A Collection of his Writings and Speeches PDF.
Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, played a crucial role in promoting science and technology as he recognized their importance in the nation’s progress. Here are some key contributions and initiatives led by Nehru in this regard:
1. Establishment of Scientific Institutions:
Jawaharlal Nehru played a pivotal role in establishing several scientific institutions to promote research and development. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) was founded in 1942 under his leadership, with the aim of fostering scientific research in various fields.
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2. Foundation of Atomic Energy Program:
Jawaharlal Nehru was a strong supporter of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. He initiated India’s nuclear program and established the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) in 1948. The establishment of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in 1954 under the leadership of Dr. Homi J. Bhabha was a significant step in this direction.
3. Promotion of Space Research:
Nehru recognized the potential of space technology for India’s development. In 1962, he laid the foundation stone for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), aiming to harness space technology for national development. This laid the groundwork for India’s space exploration and satellite programs.
4. Investment in Higher Education:
Nehru prioritized the development of higher education, particularly in science and technology. The establishment of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) in the 1950s, with assistance from foreign countries like the Soviet Union and the United States, aimed at producing high-quality engineers and scientists.
5. Nehru’s Scientific Temper:
Nehru advocated for the cultivation of a scientific temper among the Indian populace. He believed in the power of rational thinking, scientific inquiry, and technological progress as essential elements for the country’s advancement.
6. Hydroelectric and Infrastructure Projects:
Jawaharlal Nehru supported large-scale infrastructure projects, including hydroelectric dams like the Bhakra Nangal Dam. These projects not only addressed energy needs but also laid the foundation for technological advancements in areas such as civil engineering and construction.
7. Education in Basic Sciences:
Nehru emphasized the importance of education in basic sciences. He believed that a strong foundation in fundamental sciences was crucial for technological innovation and progress. This vision contributed to the establishment and growth of institutions focusing on fundamental research.
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Jawaharlal Nehru’s commitment to scientific and technological development set the stage for India’s subsequent advancements in these fields. His efforts laid the groundwork for a robust scientific infrastructure that has since evolved, contributing to India’s emergence as a significant player in global science and technology. Collect the Jawaharlal Nehru on Science and Society biographical book – A Collection of his Writings
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